# Explanation of Traits

The production traits genetic evaluations for the Swedish Red and Red Dane are Interbull MACE proofs based on the Ayrshire genetic base. The Montbeliarde genetic evaluations are French evaluations processed by INRA (French Agronomic Research Institute). All type trait information is on an in-country basis, with summarization equal to their production dates.

**Daughter Fertility**

Swedish Red - Fertility data on sires' daughters expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation. Higher values
are favorable.

Montbeliarde - Fertility data on sires' daughters expressed around a mean of 0 with a +/- 1 standard deviation. Higher values are favorable.

Red Dane - Fertility data on sires' daughters expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation. Higher values are favorable.

**Calving Ease**

Swedish Red - Expression of the vitality of the calf at birth expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation.
Higher values are favorable.

Montbeliarde - Percentage of easy calvings on first parity cows. Greater than (>) 89 percent means easy calving sire and less than (<) 86 percent means not recommended for use on heifers.

Danish Red - (Birth Index) - the breeding value describing the ability of sires to breed easy born and live born calves at first parity expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation. Higher values are favorable.

**Udder/Feet and Leg Index/Linear Type Traits**

Swedish Red - Compilation of the linear type traits expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation.

Montbeliarde - Compilation of the linear type traits expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 12 standard deviation.

Red Dane - Compilation of the linear type traits expressed around a mean of 100 and a +/- 10 standard deviation.